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Sarasota Dermatology Blog

Treatment for Acne – How to manage Acne

Posted on 05. Feb, 2015 by in Acne, Skin Care, Skin Conditions

Visiting your Dermatologist can minimize your Acne and decrease the chance of scarringAcne is a skin condition that all ages can experience. It can be a cause of an overproduction of sebum (oil) glands causing bacteria to grow –  to the fluctuation of hormones. When the pores become clogged with oil and sweat and dirt, bacteria can form causing blackheads and whiteheads. At  times it is best to see a professional to recommend the best treatment.  Remember that whatever treatment plan you are recommended may take several weeks to show improvement.  A healthy diet, regular exercise, daily skin care and following your providers’ instructions will help to correct the condition. There is no single best treatment for acne and combinations of treatments are sometimes recommended.

Gentle cleansing twice daily is recommended.  Salicylic and Benzoyl peroxide are two ingredients that help clear skin of bacteria and increase cellular turnover to unclog pores.  These products can cause dry skin so follow the instructions and remember “more is not better”.  The use of a Clarisonic face brush is a good tool. The Clarisonic brush is not a scrub brush but a sonic vibration brush that gently loosens dead skin cells and cleans several times better than fingers or wash clothes alone.

Topical retinoids (Retin A, Differin, Refissa) and topical antibiotics (Clindamycin) may be prescribed.  These medicines promote new cell growth, kill bacteria and help regulate sebum production.  These prescriptions can cause redness, irritation and sun sensitivity initially but with proper use your skin will soon  tolerate the medicines. . If you experience inflammatory acne (pustules and papules) treatment can include anti-inflammatory topicals (Aczone).  Moderate to severe inflammatory acne may require the use of oral antibiotics (minocyclin). These anti biotics work to slow the growth of acne producing bacteria.  It is important to follow instructions closely as there can be bothersome side effects such as upset stomach.

When treating acne with the various medications and products dryness, peeling, redness and irritation can appear.  It is important to use a moisturizer daily to balance out the skin.   A therapeutic moisturizer is recommended – one that is free of fragrance, dyes and oil.  Also very important is the use of a medical grade sunscreen – preferably mineral based.  Acne can cause redness and post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (red discoloration) that will need to be protected from the suns’ rays daily.  Sometimes this is mistaken for scarring but if protected the discoloration will lighten.   Oil free lotions and cosmetics are always preferred.  When using make up, it is better to use mineral.  Mineral makeup will not clog the pores and actually helps to reduce inflammation and redness.  If your skin is more on the oily side,  a pressed powder is preferred and if it is dry,  a loose  powder works best.

Remember it will take time to see improvement.  Don’t give up!  Acne can be managed.

Acne is the most common skin condition in the United States. Although it's common, accurate information about acne can be scarce. This can make it difficult to get clearer skin.

Acne is the most common skin condition in the United States. Although it’s common, accurate information about acne can be scarce. This can make it difficult to get clearer skin.

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