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Sarasota Dermatology Blog

How to avoid Genital Warts

Posted on 26. Jul, 2013 by in Skin Conditions, Warts

How to get rid of genital warts

Genital warts are a sexually transmitted infection (STI)

Genital warts also known as Condylomata acuminata or venereal warts are caused by the human papillomavirus or (HPV) there are more than 100 types of human papilloma viruses out there, different ones infecting different body locations. HPV 6 and 11 most common culprit.  The lesions are typically flesh-colored or hyperpigmented (dark) bumps or plaques in the perianal or genital region.  The lesions can be as little as a pinhead to as large as a cauliflower like mass.  (HPV) is the most commonly diagnosed sexually transmitted infection in the United States.

Transmissions of genital warts are by skin-to-skin contact, including sexual intercourse, oral sex, anal sex, any other contact involving the genital area or hand to genital contact. There is no cure for genital warts and you can pass the virus to your sexual partner even if you do not see any lesions.

Genital Warts

Genital warts may occur singly but are more often found in clusters.

The best options for minimizing your chances of contacting genital warts are safe sex practices. Keep in mind condoms do not provide complete protection from HPV infection because condoms do not cover all exposed genital skin. HPV vaccine in women is very effective in preventing HPV infections and cervical pre-cancers caused by HPV.  HPV vaccination of women may also reduce the risk of genital warts in their male sexual partners. The HPV vaccine in men reduces the risk of developing genital warts and persistent HPV infection, which may decrease the spread of HPV to sexual partners. Two vaccines are available HPV vaccine (Gardasil) helps to prevent infection with four HPV types (6, 11, 16, and 18)The other vaccine (Cervarix) prevents infection with HPV types 16 and 18, and it may offer some protection against HPV types 45 and 31.(uptodate.com)

Remember people do not become infected with HPV by touching an object, such as a toilet seat!

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